Symptoms of Diabetes and Its Complications

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diabetes

Diabetes is a disorder of the endocrine system in which your body can not metabolize the glucose present in the blood. To process the sugar in your blood, your pancreas produces insulin- a hormone. But sometimes, your pancreas may not produce enough insulin, or the receptors may become insensitive to its action, thereby causing diabetes.

If you have diabetes, you need to manage the condition well. Your healthcare provider would prescribe you insulin or medications to lower your blood glucose level and keep it under control.

Some people do not realize that diabetes is a serious health condition that needs to be managed well. If you do not keep the blood sugar levels under control, it can lead to various serious complications.

With diabetes, you can live a healthy life. But you need to keep your blood sugar levels under control. If you do not do that, and your blood glucose levels remain uncontrolled for a long time, it can lead to long-term complications.

Once complications due to diabetes occur, they are irreversible. Therefore you need to take care of your health beforehand. To prevent diabetes-associated complications, you must keep your blood glucose levels under control. Make sure you visit the healthcare provider frequently. You must attend all appointments with your doctor.

If you have any symptoms of diabetes, you must consult with a health provider. To get an expert opinion, you can visit Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Lahore.

What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes?

The symptoms of diabetes vary, depending on how high your sugar level is. If it is too high, the symptoms may be pronounced and severe. The symptoms of type I diabetes and type II diabetes resemble. The common symptoms are:

  • Increased urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Extreme hunger and increased appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow recovery from infection and slow healing of sores
  • Frequent infections of the gum or vagina

What Are The Complications Of Diabetes?

Diabetes should be taken seriously. Otherwise, it can lead to various complications. To prevent them, you should keep your blood sugar levels well under control. Moreover, if you are unable to keep it under control, you must visit your healthcare provider. The common complications of diabetes are:

Diabetic Neuropathy

When your blood glucose levels remain elevated for a long time, it can damage the tiny blood vessels. If they get damaged, your sensations can be affected. Often it happens in the nerves of your foot. You may have numbness, tingling, pain, or burning in the affected area. It can happen in hands too. If you have the same complaint, tell your healthcare provider about it.

Diabetic Nephropathy

A common complication of uncontrolled blood sugar levels is diabetic nephropathy. It is a condition in which your kidney cells get damaged. Your kidneys work to filter blood and excrete out waste. When there is too much sugar in your blood, it gets rid of it. Your kidney cells are not used to filtering out sugar. Therefore they get damaged when the blood sugar level remains uncontrolled for a long time. Diabetes, if left untreated, can also lead to kidney failure- a life-threatening condition.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to retinopathy, a condition that your healthcare providers refer to as diabetic retinopathy. It is a condition in which your eye vessels get damaged.

Diabetes, if left untreated, can even lead to blindness. Once the damage has occurred to your eyes, it is irreversible. Therefore you must take care of your blood sugar levels. If they remain uncontrolled for a long time, it can leave you blind. However, if you monitor your blood glucose levels frequently, keep them under control and take medications or insulin as your physician has prescribed, the damage to your eyes can be prevented.

Having diabetes does not mean that you will become blind for sure. However, it puts you at risk of it. So you need to take extra care of yourself.

The Bottom Line

Diabetes is a lifelong condition. Therefore you need to be patient and take care of yourself well. You can not take it lightly. Make sure to attend visits with your healthcare provider. For more information, visit oladoc.com.

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